the Carpentry Way: Japanese Gate Typology (29)
This is a series of posts describing the many varieties of Japanese gate, or
mon ( 門). If you look at the preceding kanji
more closely, you can think of it as a picture of a pair of swinging
doors, reminiscent of saloon doors in a wild west movie. I thought
that it would be a nice idea to bring more awareness to a western audience as
to the tremendous diversity in forms and types of Japanese gates. This
series intends to be a gateway to gates.
Previous posts in this series:
Ni mon ō
S mon ō
Tans mon ō
( Amigasa-mon 編笠門 )
This is a type of garden gate, often associated to teahouses. The word amigasa ( 編笠) means 'woven' ( 編) 'bamboo hat' ( 笠). This is a gate with a roof that is in the form of a traditional bamboo hat.
Here's a few examples of amigasa:
These hats are more commonly encountered these days at festival time:
Samurai also wore a helmet in the amigasa form - here's an example of a folding variety:
Image from Trad Japan Nipponet.
The common morel, , in Japan is termed the morchella esculenta amigasa-take:
Now we have a good idea as to the form, we can look at a few different gate examples to see how the form is adapted to architecture.
Probably the most famous example is found at Mushak ō ji-senke (武者小路千家) in Kyoto:
The New Grand Prince Hotel in Tokyo has a garden with a restaurant, and an amigasa-mon:
A view from the side:
Daitokuji, a very famous Zen temple in Kyoto, has a garden called Koh -an Tei-en ( ō 孤蓬庵 ) which has a cross-wise example of an 庭園 amigasa-mon:
An old post card I found online also shows this gate, from the other side:
In the same cross-wise style, the gate at the garden of the Kosetsu Museum of Art (香雪美術館 庭園), which seems to have a fabric roof of some sort:
Here's a more modern example, serving as a high-class residential entrance:
One last example, this one with a copper shingled roof:
All for today - thanks for dropping by the Carpentry Way! On to . post 30
Japanese gate types